The Think Tank Forum at the 2018 World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies was organized in order to address some of the key economic, political, and social changes that are rapidly transforming the Arab World, and to offer insight as to how challenges and opportunities will impact the Middle East and North Africa for years to come. The forum also highlighted issues such as demographic changes, ethnic and religious tension, and political extremism, and examined the economic insecurity which has befallen the Arab World as a result of the volatility of oil prices.